EMT Basic Training Requirements

If you are looking for a new career and you like helping people, you might want to consider working as an emergency medical technician or EMT. These professionals give medical care to patients in emergency situations. The most entry level designation in this field is called EMT basic and is contrasted with the higher designations of EMT Intermediate and Paramedic.

Professionals with this designation deal mostly with cardiac conditions, respiratory issues, and trauma. While EMT basic is a skilled medical job field, the training for qualification in it is fairly brief and straightforward. Certainly it is quicker and simpler than the training for the higher designations and many other medical job types. The following are the EMT basic training steps you need to follow to become a legally employable EMT basic.

Preliminary Requirements

First of all you will need a high school diploma. This is always a prerequisite for enrollment in an EMT training course. Most people considering a skilled profession such as being an EMT will already have a high school diploma.

If, however, you do not have a high school diploma, you might wish to consider taking a General Education Diploma (GED) test in your state. Upon passing this test you will receive a high school equivalency diploma. This test itself is fairly easy and straightforward, and if you have any concerns about your ability to pass it there are preparatory courses and review materials you can access to make sure that you are well prepared.

Often cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification is also required to enroll in formal EMT training programs. This is easy to achieve by taking a brief course in the skill.

Enroll in an EMT Course

The next step is to find and enroll in an EMT basic training course. These courses are usually three months or less in length. They are offered at a number of different facilities such as the following:

Community Colleges

Community colleges are some of the most common places to find courses that prepare an individual for the EMT basic designation. These courses are usually fairly inexpensive and can be found by calling or visiting your local community college or checking their website.

Career Schools

Career schools are schools that offer training in a number of career fields outside of a traditional college or university setting. These schools often have flexible scheduling so that those with prior commitments can access training conveniently. Career schools can be found by speaking with your local education department, searching online, or speaking to individuals already in the field.


Sometimes hospitals offer EMT training. They may even offer those who have completed their training positions working for the hospital, so this can be a good route for those interested in getting to work in the field quickly.


There are online EMT courses that provide a certain amount of the training necessary to become an EMT basic remotely. However, an individual considering this option should bear in mind that there are practical portions of the curriculum that will still have to be fulfilled at a hospital, community college, or career school.

What the Training Covers

The training programs for this designation usually cover instruction in dealing with clearing airways, quick diagnosis of medical conditions, handling cardiac emergencies, dealing with trauma, and using a variety of emergency medical equipment. Often students must complete some work in actual medical environments such as hospitals and ambulances in order to receive practical experience.

Taking the NREMT Exam

After you have completed the training course, you will need to get certified. This is done by taking an exam offered by a national organization called the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT). Often this exam is more difficult than exams included in the training course, so it is a good idea to study well and hard for this exam. There are review materials and study courses that can help students to prepare for this certification exam.

Once you have completed the EMT basic training and passed the NREMT exam you will be licensed as an EMT basic and can begin working in the field!

Category: Become an EMT, EMT Education, EMT Requirements, EMT Training